Nextcloud is a really nice drop in replacement for most of the functionality of Google Drive.

  1. Install required PHP and SQL software.
    $ sudo apt install mariadb-server php7.3-fpm php7.3-xml php7.3 php7.3-cgi php7.3-cli php7.3-gd php7.3-curl php7.3-zip php7.3-mysql php7.3-mbstring php7.3-imagick php7.3-apcu wget unzip

    You may need to adjust the php version numbers in the installed packages. On Debian, omitting the version (e.g., php-fpm instead of php7.3-fpm) will install the most recent version. This behavior is not always desirable since Nextcloud cannot guarantee that it supports the most recent version available in your package repository, so if you choose to install the most recent version and the system is broken, that may be the reason why.

  2. Configure MariaDB.
    # mysql_secure_installation

    Add a database for nextcloud. In the following lines, you may replace “nextclouddb” with any name for the cloud database, “nextcloud” with any username for that database, and you should replace “password” with an actual password.

    # mysql -u root -p
    CREATE DATABASE nextclouddb;
    CREATE USER 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextclouddb.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost';
  3. Configure php. In the file /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini, edit the section [opcache] to contain the following:

    In the file /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/www.conf, uncomment the following lines:

    env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
    env[TMP] = /tmp
    env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
    env[TEMP] = /tmp

    Finally, restart php7.3-fpm:

    $ sudo systemctl restart php7.3-fpm.service
  4. So that we don’t pollute nginx.conf, create the file /etc/nginx/conf.d/nextcloud.conf containing the following:
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    # The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
    # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
    # rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /nextcloud/public.php?service=host-meta
    # last;
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json
    # /nextcloud/public.php?service=host-meta-json last;
    location = /.well-known/carddav {
    	return 301 $scheme://$host/nextcloud/remote.php/dav;
    location = /.well-known/caldav {
    	return 301 $scheme://$host/nextcloud/remote.php/dav;
    location /.well-known/acme-challenge { }
    location ^~ /nextcloud {
    	# set max upload size
    	client_max_body_size 512M;
    	fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
    	# Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    	gzip on;
    	gzip_vary on;
    	gzip_comp_level 4;
    	gzip_min_length 256;
    	gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    	gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/ application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;
    	location /nextcloud {
    		rewrite ^ /nextcloud/index.php;
    	location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
    		deny all;
    	location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
    		deny all;
    	location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {                                                                       
    		fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
         try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;
    		include fastcgi_params;              
    		fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    		fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
    		fastcgi_param HTTPS on;              
    		#Avoid sending the security headers twice
    		fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
    		fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
    		fastcgi_pass php-handler;
    		fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    		fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    	location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
    		try_files $uri/ =404;
    		index index.php;
    	# Adding the cache control header for js and css files
    	# Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    	location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff|svg|gif)$ {
    		try_files $uri /nextcloud/index.php$request_uri;
    		add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
    		# Add headers to serve security related headers  (It is intended
    		# to have those duplicated to the ones above)
    		# Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read
    		# into this topic first.
       		# add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
    		# includeSubDomains; preload;";
    		add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    		add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    		add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    		add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
       		add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    		access_log off;
    	location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
    		try_files $uri /nextcloud/index.php$request_uri;
    		access_log off;

    In the http block of /etc/nginx/nginx.conf, add the following:

    upstream php-handler {
    	server unix:/var/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;

    Also in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf, move the following line to the server block:

    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

    Finall, restart nginx.

    $ sudo systemctl restart nginx
  5. Download and extract nextcloud server. Replace X.X.X with the current version:
    $ curl -O
    $ tar xjf nextcloud-X.X.X.tar.bz2
    $ sudo cp -a nextcloud/ /var/www/nextcloud/
    $ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/nextcloud/
  6. In your web browser, go to When configuring the database, use the username, password, and database name that you configured in step 2.
  7. To take advantage of memory caching and drastically improve the responsiveness of the system, edit /var/www/nextcloud/config/config.php and add the following to the config array:
    'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',
  8. In the upper right corner, click the gear icon, and in the dropdown click + Apps. Under the Organization tab you can find Calendar and oh so much more! Install Calendar and whatever else you want.
  9. Navigate in your web browser to whatever calendar app you used to use (for me it was Google Calendar) and export it. In Google Calendar, you have to go under Settings -> Calendars -> Export calendars.
  10. Back in Nextcloud, import your calendar.
  11. If you want to mount your cloud directory with webdav, connect to:

Before ammassing a significant amount of stuff, configure backups.